Staffan Jacobson, författare & lundabo
Lund’s Anarchist Group (Swedish: Lunds Anarkistgrupp) was a Swedish anarchist organization, founded in 1969 in the city of Lund. Its ideology was a mix of different streams of thought, including green anarchism.
The group was formed in Spring of 1969 by two individuals using the pseudonyms Keddy and Kriss. Preparations for the founding had begun the previous year. Many new members soon joined, and the group began holding regular meetings in Lund’s Book Café and the ”AF Castle” in Lundagård, the Academic Association’s building.
It was part of a wave of newly formed anarchist groups in Sweden, formed in the wake of the May 1968 events in France and the world-wide protests of 1968 – others were created in Umeå, Jönköping, Stockholm, and Växjö. The group published Lund’s Free Press (Swedish: Lunds Fria Press). Activities were centered around a housing collective on Trädgårdsgatan, where reprints of classic anarchist literature were published.
The heavily activistic Anarchist Group was involved in a large number of actions, gaining influence despite its relatively low amount of members. Activities that the organization was involved in include – among others – three occupations for the establishment of an all-activity community center,prisoner support, protests against the South African Apartheid regime, opposition to the annual nationalistic Charles XII March, and various environmental campaigns. The group also participated in several peace movement campaigns, including opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War and opposition to the system of conscription. Its most well-known involvement was in a campaign against the political psychiatric system, especially an attack on 30 January 1970 when the Forensic Psychiatric Clinic in Lund was burnt down just prior to its opening.
Lund’s Anarchist Group remained active until 1973, when it together with MUSK (Malmö Ungsocialistiska Klubb) in connection to the general election that year published the comic book Valhoppet and a politically themed deck of playing cards, the De Löjliga Partierna (”The Silly Parties”). Soon after that the group splintered. Many members were caught up in the ”Green Wave” of radical counterurbanization during the 1970s in Sweden.
Anarchism was reported to have been extant in Sweden by Mikhail Bakunin as early as 1866. As with the movements in Germany and the Netherlands, Swedish anarchism had a strong syndicalist tendency. One of the earliest Swedish anarchists of note was the artist Ivan Aguéli who in 1884 was arrested and sentenced in the ”Trial of the thirty” in Paris. Also prominent were Anton Nilson, Leon Larsson, Axel Holmström, Albert Jensen, and Hinke Bergegren. Bergegren edited and published nine issues of the weekly periodical Under röd flagg, from March to June 1891. The magazine, which had an anarchist communist editorial bent, featured excerpts from the writings of prominent European anarchist intellectuals Peter Kropotkin, Leo Tolstoy, and Élisée Reclus.
Anarchist ideas were prominent in the Swedish Social Democratic Party from its founding in 1889 to the early 1900s. Bergegren headed the party’s anarchist group – called Ungsocialisterna (The Young Socialists). Bergegren and Ungsocialisterna were expelled from the SDP between 1906 and 1908.
An anarcho-syndicalist trade union, Sveriges Arbetares Centralorganisation, was founded in 1910. In 1922 it had 32,000 members. Today it has about 7,500 and still publishes its own weekly paper, Arbetaren.
One of many minor anarchist groups are the Fag Army, a left-wing queer anarchist group, which launched its first action on August 18 2014, when it pied the Minister for Health and Social Affairs, Christian Democrat leader Göran Hägglund.
Editors note: This is the en.wikipedia.org:s take on those subjects, in short but fairly correct. The person called Keddy in the Lund article above is seen on the photo as the bearded, long haired youngster (c. 23 years old) in the white army coat, holding the black/red flag. He became a Ph.D. later on, still activist. His family could also be seen in this photo, and lots of friends. The person in the same article called Kriss, absent in the picture but in the same age, is nowadays a feminist professor in Social Work Studies. In the Sweden article maybe the famous Swedish song writer Joe Hill of IWW could be mentioned; he was an anarcho-syndicalist as well. The anarchist Brand journal, founded in 1898, has been around for more than 100 years and is still alert.